Perry County was established in 1820 containing 936 square miles located in the southeastern part of the State in the long leaf pine belt. It was named in honor of Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry, War of 1812 Naval Hero.
Forestry and the forests products industry are the driving force of the economy of Perry County. Approximately 36% of all jobs and 54% of the income to the county is generated from this industry. Seventy-four percent of the land base is timberland. Perry County is home to Georgia Pacific Leaf River Cellulose in New Augusta and Hood Industries in Beaumont. These industries are vital to the private timberland owners in South Mississippi. On any given day over 500 loads of pine pulpwood and pine saw timber is delivered to these mills. Glenn Henderson Logging, located in New Augusta, also purchases timber from private landowners. Glenn Henderson Logging has purchased sealed bid timber sales from the clients of Walley Forestry Consultants for over 38 years.
The Leaf River and its tributaries provide a principal stream system throughout the county. A large percentage of the land base in the southern end of the county is located in the Desoto National Forest. The national forest offers many outdoor activities including hunting, fishing, and canoeing.